Dayton Agreement Kosovo

The agreement has tasked a wide range of international organizations to monitor, monitor and implement elements of the agreement. IFOR, led by NATO, was responsible for implementing the military aspects of the agreement and was deployed on 20 December 1995 under the leadership of UNPROPA forces. The High Representative was responsible for civil implementation. The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe was tasked with organising the first free elections in 1996. [5] On a Saturday morning in late June, Lake and his senior NSC assistants met in his West Wing office for an intense four-hour discussion about what to do in Bosnia. Consensus quickly emerged on three key aspects of a practical strategy. First, UNPROPA should leave. It would replace either a new NATO force to enforce the terms of a peace agreement, or the kind of concerted military action by the United States and NATO, which had so far prevented the presence of the United Nations. Second, if an agreement were to be reached between the parties, it is clear that such an agreement cannot meet all requests for justice. A diplomatic solution that reversed all Bosnian Serb benefits simply did not happen. Third, the success of a last attempt to reach a political agreement would depend decisively on the threat of the strength of the parties. The past three years have shown that without the prospect of decisive use of force, the parties would remain uncompromising and their demands would remain maximalist.

74 The issue of negotiations between Serbs and Albanians is complicated by the conditions of both sides. Serbian leaders fear that international mediation will be in their disapproval, held a referendum asking the population for the presence of foreign mediators in the Kosovo negotiations. The majority of Serbs objected to the presence of foreign mediators during the Kosovo/A negotiations. On the other hand, the leaders of Kosovo/a leadership refused, for lack of confidence in the Serbian leadership, to start negotiations without foreign mediators. In addition, the KLA threatens that any agreement with the Serbs, without the guarantee of foreign mediators, will be considered treason and sanctioned accordingly (Isakovic (Zlatko), art.cit). The agreement is known as the Dayton Accords because negotiations took place at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base outside Dayton, Ohio. The trial was led by Richard Holbrooke, chief negotiator of U.S. peace negotiations, and Secretary of State Warren Christopher. 61 Terrorism in Kosovo and Metohia and Albania – The White Paper, Belgrade: Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1998.

Under “Dayton is a sacred letter to us. We are guarantors of the implementation of the Dayton peace agreement,” vucic said, under international pressure to normalize relations with Kosovo, as he faces protests against his own government in his own country. The Bosnian peace plan has been severely beaten, but it would end four bloody years that have killed more than 250,000 people and driven more than two million people. The final agreement was a tribute to the skills of Holbrooke and his negotiating team; To the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Christopher, who played a key role in keeping Bosnians on board and concluding the agreement at critical points; Anthony Lake, who helped sell the peace initiative to the parties involved and who insisted with Holbrooke that the talks conclude in the United States; To the Deputy National Security Adviser, Mr. Samuel Berger, who chaired the meetings of the Committee of Deputies, who informed citizens of national security operations in other nations of what was happening without much interference; and UN Ambassador Madeleine Albright, who has been effectively committed to the strong U.S. position within the World Federation.